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Photographs by AP/DAR YASIN

Women comfort the grieving relative of a Kashmiri rebel during his funeral Tuesday in Haf-Shirmal village, south of Srinagar in India-controlled Kashmir. The rebel, Irfan Ahmed, died in a gunbattle with Indian government forces.

Clashes in Kashmir kill soldier, 4 rebels

SRINAGAR, India — Four rebels and an army soldier were killed in three gunbattles in Indian-controlled Kashmir, officials said Tuesday.

Police said three rebels were killed overnight Tuesday as fighting broke out after government forces cordoned off the forested village of Kellar in southern Kashmir.

Thousands of people on Tuesday participated in funerals for the three militants, chanting slogans including “We want freedom” and “Go India, go back.” The villagers also chanted slogans eulogizing militants and hailing Pakistan, which controls part of the disputed Himalayan territory.

On Monday, police said, troops killed a top militant commander in the northwestern Handwara area. A police statement described the slain militant as chief of operations of the Jaish-e-Mohammad militant group. It said he was the mastermind of several recent attacks by the group, including last week’s strike by militants after they stormed a paramilitary camp near Srinagar’s airport. One paramilitary officer and three militants were killed in that fighting.

U.N. immunizing Rohingya for cholera

THAINGKHALI, Bangladesh — United Nations agencies and Bangladesh’s Health Ministry began a cholera immunization campaign Tuesday among the more than 500,000 Rohingya Muslims who have fled to the country amid violence in Burma.

No cases of the potentially life-threatening diarrheal disease have yet appeared in makeshift camps in Bangladesh.

UNICEF said the vaccination campaign involves 900,000 doses of the vaccine delivered by more than 200 mobile teams, making it the second-largest oral vaccination campaign of its kind, after another in Haiti last year. The campaign will also target residents of older refugee camps that have existed in Bangladesh since the 1990s.

The World Health Organization has tallied some 10,000 cases of diarrhea among the refugees, and it says unhygienic and cramped conditions raise the potential for an outbreak of cholera, a water-borne disease.

Waves of Rohingya Muslims have crossed over to Bangladesh since Aug. 25, when security forces in Buddhist-majority Burma responded to militant attacks with a broad crackdown that the U.N. has described as “textbook ethnic cleansing.”

U.K. court rejects torture-victim edict

LONDON — Britain’s government unlawfully imprisoned victims of torture in immigration detention centers, the High Court said Tuesday.

Judge Duncan Ouseley ruled in favor of former detainees and a charity who said the government relied on an unreasonably narrow definition of torture when deciding whether asylum applicants should be detained while their cases were processed.

Government policy says asylum seekers who can show evidence of torture should only be detained in exceptional circumstances because of the risk they may be harmed by detention.

But a change introduced in September 2016 narrowed the definition of torture to cover only acts committed by state agents or terror groups holding territory, rather than by any individual or group.

The seven claimants included victims of sex trafficking and a man who had been kidnapped by the Taliban.

The judge ruled that the policy “lacked a rational or evidence basis” and “excludes certain individuals whose experiences of the infliction of severe pain and suffering may indeed make them particularly vulnerable to harm in detention.”

13 inmates die in Mexican prison riot

MEXICO CITY — At least 13 inmates died in a prison riot in northern Mexico that authorities ended with lethal force, a state security official said late Tuesday.

Spokesman Aldo Fasci said the riot occurred at the state prison in Cadereyta, which normally keeps members of a half-dozen gangs separated. Fasci said the death toll could climb because eight people were in critical condition.

Several hours of negotiations failed, and police using nonlethal force were unable to quell the riot, Fasci said. So authorities decided to use lethal force to protect the lives of the guards and the prisoners.

“If they had not taken these decisions, right now we would be talking about many more dead,” Fasci said.

No guards were killed at the 4,000-inmate facility about 20 miles east of Monterrey, but a police officer was wounded with a punctured lung, Fasci said.

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